NO-TILL IS ABOUT SOIL HEALTH

 

NO-TILL IS ABOUT LOOKING AFTER THE HEALTH OF THE SOIL AND KEEPING IT HEALTHY

What makes up a healthy soil?

·         A healthy soil needs a good structure which will allow better absorption of water and will
retain the moisture absorbed.

·         This will allow for more oxygen to be available for plant roots Stifle the roots and you stifle
the plant.

·         Healthy soils with good structure are able to hold on to plant nutrients more efficiently than
those with poor structure

·         Healthy soils allow for greater effctivily and presence of earth worms which aerate the soil
and these are food for birds and other animals in the food chain. A more balanced nature.

NO-TILL IS NOT MAGIC YES THERE IS

·        TECHNIQUE

·         TIMING

·         PRACTICE

·         PERSAVERANCE

 

AS HUMANS ARE ENCOURAGED TO LOOK AFTER THEIR SKINS WE NEED TO ENCOURAGE
AGRICULTURALITS AND GARDENERS TO LOOK AFTER THE TOP SOIL THEY ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR.

When it rains hard which is what happens especially in tropical and sub tropical climates we as
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humans take shelter. When it is extremely hot we seek protection.

How do we do this with soil by using mulch which could be?

• the residue of the previous crop

                                  •     Or planting a cover crop.

This mulch or covering protects the soil from excessive rain velocity causing

• Rain water to hit the soil a high velocity breaking up the soil structure

·         The mass of water gathering in gullies and on open surfaces to become torrents of water
sweeping valuable top soil from the ,area

·         When soil is exposed to the African sun and we plough it up we expose the bacteria and
funguses plus small insects and animals responsible for creating the structure of a healthy
soil. This soil and its allies are exposed to ultraviolet rays causing death to many of the useful
insects etc that breakup crop residue.

NO-TILL requires a new mind set which is more in line with working with nature rather than
dictating to it.

The no-till club is here to facilitate between those who have had success with Conservation
Tillage and those who wish to implement it.

      By Richard Findlay